spacer
itrainonline logo  
Recursos en espa˝ol
Ressources en franšais
Other languages
spacer
Sharing Internet Knowledge      
learn about spacer
spacer BASIC SKILLS spacer
spacer spacer
spacer
arrow STRATEGIC USE spacer
spacer spacer
  Strategic Use of the Internet spacer
spacer spacer
spacer
  Building Online Communities spacer
spacer spacer
spacer
  Multilingual Computing spacer
spacer spacer
spacer
  Open Source spacer
spacer spacer
spacer
spacer
arrow WEB DEVELOPMENT spacer
spacer spacer
spacer
arrow MULTIMEDIA spacer
spacer spacer
spacer
arrow TECHNICAL spacer
spacer spacer
spacer
spacer
spacer
arrow RESOURCES FOR TRAINERS spacer
spacer spacer
spacer
spacer
spacer
arrow RESOURCES FOR WOMEN spacer
spacer spacer
spacer
spacer
spacer
spacer SEARCH ITRAINONLINE spacer
spacer spacer
spacer
spacer
spacer
spacer SITEMAP spacer
spacer spacer
spacer
spacer
spacer
spacer CALENDAR spacer
spacer spacer
spacer
spacer
spacer
spacer GLOSSARY OF TERMS spacer
spacer spacer
spacer
spacer
spacer
spacer ABOUT ITRAINONLINE spacer
spacer spacer
spacer
spacer

 

 

spacer
Home > Strategic Use > Multilingual Computing spacer

Multilingual Computing

Section editor
Ann Tothill, APC
AATothill@apc.org

Introduction

ItrainOnline uses the term "Multilingual Computing" to cover a wide range of issues facing Internet users, from non-Latin character sets and encoding to developing web sites for multilingual audiences.

Whether your main language is English and you need to communicate with a global audience, or you are looking for support for your own language in a web dominated by English, the resources listed below should assist you. A good starting point is the Techsoup article on Languages and the Internet.

Multilingual Computing - Online language dictionaries

YourDictionary.com

Developed by: YourDictionary.com
Type of resource: Web directory
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Comprehensive directory of online language dictionaries.

DLink to resource


Multilingual Computing - Machine translation

Babel Not: Machine Translation for the Technical Communicator

Developed by: Sandra Bologna, WTB Language Group
Type of resource: Web article
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Machine Translation (MT) is the automatic translation of text from one language into another. This article by the WTB Language Group, Inc. looks at when machine translation is useful and how to prepare documents for machine translation.

DLink to resource


Babelfish

Developed by: Altavista
Type of resource: Web-based translator
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Altavista's online Babelfish translator allows you to translate up to 150 words at a time, or to submit a URL for translation. Translation to and from English is possible from Chinese, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, and Spanish. French to German and German to French are also supported. The facility includes a "world keyboard" for entering additional characters.

DLink to resource


Google Language Tools

Developed by: Google
Type of resource: Web-based translator
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

You can enter a URL into Google for translation to and from English and German, Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, and to and from German and French.

DLink to resource


PROMT Reverso Online

Developed by: Paralink
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Translation from English to French, Spanish, Russian, German and back; French-German, French-Russian, German-Russian and German-French. Also offers an instant message translator.

DLink to resource


Commercial machine translation systems and computer-aided translation support tools compendium

Developed by: The European Association for Machine Translation
Type of resource: PDF file
Target audience: General
Cost: Fee

Comprehensive reference guide to commercial and free resources, compiled by John Hutchins and Walter Hartmann. The most recent Compendium is available as a PDF file for a fee of 10 Euros. Older versions are available free of charge from John Hutchin's web site.

DLink to resource


Multilingual Computing - Unicode and font resources

Unicode Home Page

Developed by: Unicode Consortium
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

The Unicode standard was developed to provide a unique number for every character, no matter what language, platform or programme is used. The Unicode web site offers a wide range of information and resources relating to Unicode.

DLink to resource


International Accent Marks and Diacriticals: Theory, Charts, & Tips for the QWERTY keyboard

Developed by: Irene Starr
Type of resource: Web page
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Guidance on changing keyboard layout in Windows, keyboard shortcuts in MS Word and WordPerfect, non-Latin alphabets, and annotated links to resources. Although the page is largely aimed at PC users, some Mac information is included.

DLink to resource


Russify Everything

Developed by: Siber Systems
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

"Russify Everything" provides detailed instructions on how to get a variety of software to work with cyrillic characters.

DLink to resource


The Knotty Problem of Using African Languages for E-mail and the Internet

Developed by: Balancing Act
Type of resource: Web article
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Don Osborn's article looks at difficulties of e-mailing in African languages which use non-Latin characters and alphabets, and at how these obstacles can be overcome.

DLink to resource


The Unique Unicode

Developed by: Ubiquity
Type of resource: Web article
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

"The Unicode character set is a character set projected to represent the writing schemes of all of the world's major languages. Unicode provides a unique number for every character, no matter what the platform, what the programme, or what the language." Read the full article by Mir Lutful Kabir Saadi for a good basic introduction to Unicode.

DLink to resource


Unicode and Multilingual Support in HTML, Fonts, Web Browsers and Other Applications

Developed by: Alan Wood
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

"Have you ever tried to include a passage in a different alphabet in one of your documents, for example a quotation in Russian in an English document, only to find that you have no Cyrillic characters available? Or sent a Spanish document in electronic form to someone in Greece, only to be told that the accented Latin characters have been replaced by Greek characters? Or produced a Web page that includes technical symbols and found that it works with Windows but not with Mac OS or Unix?" Alan Wood shows you how to avoid these problems.

DLink to resource


Multilingual Computing - Building multilingual sites

Multilingualwebmaster.com

Developed by: MultilingualWebmaster
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

MultilingualWebmaster.com offers articles on topics relating to Web sites for multilingual and international audiences; global_web_news, an e-newsletter focussing on global web development issues; and links to resources on topics such as machine translation, usability, and fonts and character sets.

DLink to resource


International Web Usability

Developed by: Jakob Nielsen's Alertbox
Type of resource: Web article
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This 1996 overview by Jakob Nielsen looks at issues including international usability testing, language choice, multilingual searching, printing, and icons. Some external links are to commercial fee-paying resources.

DLink to resource


Multilingual Web Sites

Developed by: TechSoup
Type of resource: Case study
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

A short case study on the development of Multikulti, a UK site providing welfare-related information in eleven languages.

DLink to resource


Using language information in XHTML, HTML and CSS

Developed by: W3C
Type of resource: Web guide
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This W3C guide looks at the importance of providing information about the languages used on web pages, and takes you through the basic steps you need to take.

DLink to resource


Multilingual Computing - Writing for multilingual audiences

Writing English Texts for a Multilingual Audience

Developed by: APC
Type of resource: PDF guidelines
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This document, by APC's Communication Manager Karen Higgs, offers some basic guidelines for writing for multilingual audiences, ranging from choosing simple words to using less complex grammatical structures.

Download
D


Writing for Translation

Developed by: MultilingualWebmaster
Type of resource: Web article
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This article by Susan Harkus offers guidelines for writing texts which will be translated by either humans or machines.

DLink to resource


Multilingual Computing - Multilingual online communities

Efficient Management of Multilingual Electronic Conferences

Developed by: Daniel Pimienta, Catherine Dhaussy
Type of resource: PDF
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This article, published in Upgrade, looks at the "Efficient Management of Multilingual Electronic Conferences" (EMEC) methodology, which harnesses e-mail discussion lists, web pages, machine translation and human facilitation for the management of online conferences.

DLink to resource


Multilingual Computing - General

Editor's choice: Multilingual Computing

Developed by: MultiLingual Computing
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Web site of the "MultiLingual Computing & Technology" journal; offers a vast range of useful information for those needing to explore multilingual issues in depth.

DLink to resource


Asia-Pacific Association for Machine Translation

Developed by: Asia-Pacific Association for Machine Translation
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

The association is comprised of three entities: researchers, manufacturers, and users of machine translation systems, and endeavors to develop machine translation technologies to expand the scope of effective global communications.

DLink to resource


Introduction to Multilingual Computing

Developed by: Center for Educational Technology
Type of resource: website
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

The Center for Educational Technology's section on Multilingual Computing offers basic definitions of character sets and encoding, and overviews common encodings. The feature covers the use of mutliple languages on Windows and MAC operating systems, and how to obtain special characters (ie, characters with accents) in both, as well as how to facilitate multiple lanuage character display on the web.

DLink to resource


Languages and the Internet: Communicating with a global audience

Developed by: Techsoup.org
Type of resource: Web article
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Eric Leland's article gives an introduction to online and e-mail translation, composing e-mail in different languages, dictionaries on the web, and using special characters in web pages.

DLink to resource


Multilingual Computing Resources Glossary

Developed by: Multilingual Computing Resources
Type of resource: website
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

A glossary of terms related to multilingual computing. The glossary details different standards as well as linguistic definitions to better understand the complexity of multilingual needs. In English and Japanese.

DLink to resource


Multilingual Computing: Introduction

Developed by: Center for Educational Technology, Middlebury College
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Topics covered include an introduction to multilingual computing, multilingual computing on the web, unicode, and special characters.

DLink to resource


The European Association for Machine Translation

Developed by: EAMT
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

"The European Association for Machine Translation (EAMT) is an organization that serves the growing community of people interested in MT and translation tools, including users, developers, and researchers of this increasingly viable technology." The EAMT site includes a compendium of machine translation software, links to related organizations, and information about MT-List, a discussion list concerning machine translation.

DLink to resource


 
 
Search
Search this site with Google.
calendar
Visit the shared calendar for the latest training events.
 
suggest a resource
Suggest a resource to include in ItrainOnline.
 
get updated
Sign up for the monthly ItrainOnline newsletter.

RSS See the most recent additions to the site.
 
feedback
We want to know how we are doing! Contact us to tell us what you need as a trainer or learner.

Partners
  APC logo
Bellanet logo
FAO Logo

IICD logo

INASP logo

OneWorld logo
TELECENTRE logo
UNESCO logo
 
Back to Top

Home | About Us | Suggest a resource | Email your feedback | Sitemap


This common space - itrainonline.org - was originally developed by APC, BELLANET, IICD, INASP, IISD, and ONEWORLD.NET.