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Home > Strategic Use > Open Source spacer

Open Source

Section editor
Ann Tothill, APC
AATothill@apc.org

Introduction

A growing number of organizations are turning to Free/Open Source software for everything from computer networks to office productivity tools. Among the advantages of Open Source software are:

  • Cost effectiveness
  • Security
  • Flexibility and adaptability
  • Ongoing support and development by a community of users

The ItrainOnline site is powered by APC ActionApps, an Open Source web publishing system.

A good starting point for finding open source software and information about the open source movement is UNESCO's Free Software Portal. TechSoup's discussion board on Open source and free software is a good place to get your questions answered.

What open source is to software the open content movement is to the development and sharing of content such as education and training resources and research publications.

Open Source - General

African FOSS Business Models Syllabus

Developed by: ICT@Innovation (FOSSFA & InWEnt)
Type of resource: Wiki website with downloadable content
Target audience: General, Trainers
Cost: Free access

The African FLOSS Business Models Syllabus consists of 6 modules, spread along three thematic parts that can either be downloaded or read online. The following 6 modules are included: Module 1: Introduction to Emerging FLOSS Business Models; Module 2: African Business Models: Case Studies; Module 3: Communicating FLOSS; Module 4: Introduction to General Business Skills; Module 5: FLOSS Specific Business Knowledge and Skills; Module 6: FLOSS Training

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Arabeyes: The Arabic Unix Project

Developed by: Arabeyes
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Arabeyes is a Meta project that is aimed at fully supporting the Arabic language in the Unix/Linux environment. It is designed to be a central location to standardize the Arabization process. Arabeyes relies on voluntary contributions by computer professionals and enthusiasts all over the world.

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FLOSS and NGOs: A Compilation of Resources and Community Events

Developed by: Aspiration Tech
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Annotated listing of resources, articles and community events relating to NGOs and free and open source software.

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FLOSS Manuals

Developed by: Adam Hyde
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

FLOSS Manuals provides quality free manuals about free software. There are a lot of people that know a lot about software. There are also a lot of people that need to know about software. FLOSS Manuals aims to connect the two by making writing and reading about software easy.

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FOSS Localization Primer

Developed by: International Open Source Network
Type of resource: PDF 1.3 MB
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This primer introduces the concepts of FOSS and localization, looks at localization efforts in Asia Pacific, and finishes with recommendations for localization initiatives.

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Free Software for Busy People

Developed by: Mohammad Al-Ubaydli
Type of resource: website
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This site not only features an easy-to-read online book entitled "Free Software for Busy People", it provides free software use scenarios from a primary school teacher, a city mayor, an arab teacher, and a family physician. With these busy people as examples the site highlights a broad range of practical skills and gives readers insight to the vast possibility provided by free software tools. Learn how the city mayor uses "Civic Space" for her campaigns, how the family doctor uses "OpenEMR" to keep track of her patient registry, or how the Arab teacher uses Openoffice.org in Arabic, and plays games.

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How Open APIs Can Change How Nonprofits Manage Data

Developed by: NTEN
Type of resource: PDF document
Target audience: General, Trainers
Cost: Free access

Nonprofits manage lots of data: research, files, data on constituents, donors, and clients, etc. Choosing software to manage this organizational data is difficult enough. Getting applications to talk to one another in ways that are efficient and in support of the organization’s mission is even harder. Application Programming Interfaces or APIs provide a way to simplify data management tasks. Software vendors and open source software projects are increasingly using APIs to help their customers/users increase the extensibility and integration possibilities of their software. This paper examines the problem that APIs try to solve, technologies behind APIs, vendor strategies, and examples of things you can do with APIs.

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International Open Source Network

Developed by: Asia-Pacific Information Development Programme
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

IOSN is a clearinghouse for information on FOSS, with a focus on the Asia-Pacific region.

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Living without Microsoft

Developed by: John Naughton and Quentin Stafford-Fraser
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This site is for those who, for whatever reason, wish to explore realistic alternatives to using Microsoft software. It provides analyses of various software packages which are as objective as possible and discusses the benefits and problems you are likely to encounter. The site includes articles on commercial alternatives to Microsoft products, as well as on free and Open Source software.

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Making Sense of Freeware, Open Source, and Shareware

Developed by: TechSoup
Type of resource: Web article
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Brief overview of the terminology and concepts involved, and links to some sources of freeware, open source software, and shareware.

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MMTK Open source software materials

Developed by: APC
Type of resource: PDF files and OpenOffice.org files
Target audience: General, Trainers
Cost: Free access

This workshop kit offers materials which trainers can use as the basis of face-to-face workshops. Two units are available: "Introduction to open source software" and "Choosing open source software".

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Open Source Initiative Home Page

Developed by: OSI
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

The Open Source Initiative is dedicated to promoting the "Open Source Definition," which specifies requirements relating to nine criteria:
1. Free Redistribution
2. Source Code
3. Derived Works
4. Integrity of The Author's Source Code
5. No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups
6. No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavor
7. Distribution of License
8. License Must Not Be Specific to a Product
9. The License Must Not Restrict Other Software

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Open Source Software

Developed by: APC
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This site, from APC's Internet Rights programme provides news and information resources on open source-related issues.

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Open Standards, Open Source, and Open Innovation: Harnessing the Benefits of Openness

Developed by: Committee for Economic Development
Type of resource: PDF report
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This report from CED looks at the meaning of "openness" in the context of the digital economy, explores concepts such as open standards, open source, and open innovations, and makes a series of policy recommendations in these areas. Useful reading for anyone trying to get an overview of the "openness" terrain overall.

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OpenICDL

Developed by: Go-Open Campaign / ICDL Foundation Africa
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

"OpenICDL is an open source project that aims to develop and maintain a Free/Open Source version of the training materials used to ready students for the International Computer Driving License certification." Materials cover Basic Concepts of IT, Using a Computer and Managing Files (K Desktop Environment), Word Processing (OpenOffice.org Writer), Spreadsheets (OpenOffice.org Calc), Databases (OpenOffice DB), Presentations (OpenOffice.org Impress) and Information and Communications (Mozilla 1.4 and Ximian Evolution 1.4). Materials are available in HTML and PDF versions.

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OpenOffice Training Materials

Developed by: ByteBot.net (Colin Charles)
Type of resource: Web site - OOo and PDF files
Target audience: General, Trainers
Cost: Free access

Ready-made OOo slide presentations (also available as PDF files) introducing all the tools in the OpenOffice.org suite. Useful for both trainers and end-users.

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PortableApps.com

Developed by: PortableApps.com
Type of resource: Software downloads
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

"A portable app is a computer program that you can carry around with you on a portable device and use on any Windows computer. When your USB flash drive, portable hard drive, iPod or other portable device is plugged in, you have access to your software and personal data just as you would on your own PC. And when you unplug, none of your personal data is left behind." The PortableApps.com site hosts "portable" versions of popular open source tools such as Firefox and OpenOffice.org

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Ten Myths about Open Source Software

Developed by: Tim O'Reilly
Type of resource: Web article
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This transcript of a talk by Tim O'Reilly addresses someof the myths surrounding Open Source software, such as "Open Source Software Isn't Reliable or Supported" and "The Open Source movement isn't sustainable, since people will stop developing free software once they see others making lots of money from their efforts."

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Understanding Open Source Software

Developed by: Groklaw
Type of resource: Web article
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Good introduction by Red Hat's Mark Webbink looking at "What is open source software", the fundamentals of copyright law, myths about open source software, and key concepts relating to open source licensing.

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Why Open Source Software / Free Software (OSS/FS)?

Developed by: David Wheeler
Type of resource: Web article
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

David Wheeler's article compares commonly-used Open Source software with commonly-used proprietary software, looking at research on market share, reliability, performance data, scaleability, security and cost. This article is particularly useful if you need a detailed comparison.

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Why You Should Switch to the Mozilla Firebird browser

Developed by: Mozilla
Type of resource: Web article
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This article by Ben Goodger looks at the features which make Mozilla Firebird a superior browser.

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Open Source - Tips for migrating

Building An Open Source Office: GRO Case Study

Developed by: LINC Project
Type of resource: Web site/PDF
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This case study is a useful starting point for grassroots (and other) organizations who are considering moving over to open source software.

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IDA Open Source Migration Guidelines

Developed by: European Union
Type of resource: PDF file
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

The IDA Open Source Migration Guidelines provide practical and detailed recommendations on how to migrate to Open Source Software (OSS)-based office applications, calendaring, e-mail and other standard applications.

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Tips for Switching to Open Office

Developed by: OpenOffice.org Training, Tips, and Ideas
Type of resource: Web site / Blog
Target audience: General, Trainers
Cost: Free access

This is a very big blog with lots of tips, tricks and ideas about using Open Office effectively. Pne ofthe categories deals specifically with tips and advice on transitioning to Open Office, with technical advice for users, strategic advice for IT managers, tips on how to motivate staff to use Open Office and more. Browse through the different blog entries and tags to find useful tips and tricks.

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Open Source - Open source for development

Editor's choice: Open Source in Africa: Towards Informed Decision-Making

Developed by: Martin Bruggink / IICD
Type of resource: PDF file
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

"This Brief summarises research carried out in Tanzania, Uganda and Burkina Faso and other countries, asking where, how, and why open source software is being used in Africa. Researcher Martin Bruggink highlights the opportunities as well as the risks facing IT managers in African institutions who are thinking of making the switch to open source."

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Choosing and using open source software: a primer for nonprofits

Developed by: Nonprofit Open Source Initiative
Type of resource: http://www.nosi.net/primer/NOSIPrimer.pdf
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

"Choosing and Using Open Source Software: A Primer for Nonprofits" from NOSIdescribes what open source software is and what impact it may have on the nonprofit sector. It includes case-studies of nonprofits of various sizes that are using open source software, a process for evaluating whether or not open source is right for an organization, and useful resources and information.

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Development, Ethical Trading, and Free Software

Developed by: Danny Yee
Type of resource: Web article
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This 1999 article by Danny Yee argues for the adoption of free/Open Source software by development agencies generally and to other organisations with similar values. A good introduction to the issues.

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Free knowledge for ICT literacy

Developed by: The Community Education Computer Society
Type of resource: Portal
Target audience: General, Trainers
Cost: Free access

This portal provides access to free learning resources for ICT literacy using free/libre and open source software to enable people to change the conditions of their lives for the better. The portal includes a wealth of information about FOSS, learning resocures and tools.

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Free Software / Open Source Software and Civil Society Organizations - the guide

Developed by: i_CAN
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This site includes a calendar of events, news, and other resources on Open Source for civil society organizations.

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How Open Source Can Open Doors for Nonprofits

Developed by: TechSoup
Type of resource: Web article
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This article by Jamie McClelland and Reuben Silvers argues that the natural connection between nonprofits and the open source software movement has not yet been fully realized, and that "by developing this connection nonprofits will not only benefit from the advantages of open source software but will be able to uniquely contribute to the development of new and richer open source patterns to the benefit of both nonprofits and the greater open source software movement."

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Licence fees and GDP per capita: The case for open source in developing countries

Developed by: Rishab Aiyer Ghosh
Type of resource: Web article
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This article in First Monday argues that the open source development community provides an environment of intensive interactive skills development at little explicit cost, which is particularly useful for local development of skills, especially in economically disadvantaged regions. It includes a table on "Licence fee relative to GDP/capita", concluding that the share of licence fees in the total cost of ownership of proprietary software is much higher than in high labour cost countries.

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Open Source and the Voluntary Sector

Developed by: Openflows, Networks ltd.
Type of resource: Web article
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Topics covered in this report include Advantages of Open Source Software, Case Studies of NGOs Using OSS, Open Source Packages and Support Using Open Source Software. While the report has a Canadian focus it will also be useful to readers in other countries.

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Open Source in Developing Countries

Developed by: SIDA
Type of resource: PDF file
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This 2004 report by SIDA looks at the open source phenomenon in general, and as it relates to developing countries in particular.

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Open source is on the map

Developed by: Dan McQuillan
Type of resource: Web article
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Open source software is making inroads into the voluntary sector. Dan McQuillan of Lasa’s Information Systems Team and the Multikulti project highlights the potential, the pitfalls and gives some proposals for the future.

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Open Source Software: Perspectives for Development

Developed by: Paul Dravis
Type of resource: PDF file
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

infoDev-supported report aimed at decision makers.

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Using Open Source Software in Your Nonprofit Organization

Developed by: Dot Org Issue #11
Type of resource: Web guide
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This article looks at the strategic issues for non-profits in using open source software.

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Open Source - Open source for education

Collaborative development of open content: A process model to unlock the potential for African universities

Developed by: First Monday
Type of resource: Web article
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This article, by Derek Keats of the University of the Western Cape in South Africa, looks at "lessons learned from open source software development and uses these lessons to build the foundations of a process model for the collaborative development of open content." Although written within the context of higher education, the article discusses issues relating to open source and open content which will be of use to a wider audience.

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Easy Linux Introductory Guide to Computers

Developed by: Victor van Reijswoud, Mulo Emmanuel, Alex Mbaziira
Type of resource: PDF file
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This pilot manual is a guide for basic computer literacy - how to turn on a computer and what the different hardware and software elements are - as well as an introduction to common FOSS programmes including navigation and email tools, OpenOffice.org Writer and Calc. The manual overcomes barriers to learning by including a lot of visuals and very little text. It has been pilot-tested with remote NGOs and school children in Uganda.

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Free/Open Software for Education

Developed by: International Open Source Network, UNDP Asia Pacific Development Information Programme
Type of resource: PDF file
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

The International Open Source Network, an initiative of the United Nations Development Programme, has produced a 48-page primer on 'Free/Open Source Software and Education', which is now available for free public download. The primer is intended to help policy-makers and decision-makers understand the potential use of Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) in education. Topics covered include where and how FOSS can be used, why it should be used, and what issues are involved. The officials in ministries of education, school and university administrators, academic staff and researchers should find the primer particularly useful, according to the project. The primer site features a discussion forum for feedback and case studies for input into future versions.

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Lessons from Open Source: Intellectual Property and Courseware

Developed by: Jan Newmarch / First Monday
Type of resource: Web article
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

"In this competitive age, universities are seeking ways to protect their intellectual property, for fear that it might be stolen or used by others without financial benefit coming back to the university. Increasingly, universities are using mechanisms of secrecy to secure their property. This paper argues that this approach is wrong on both moral and business grounds, and that a better model can be found in the Open Source movement of the software industry."

This article, although mainly concerned with tertiary education, offers insights which apply to training materials more generally.

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Moodle

Developed by: Moodle project
Type of resource: Software
Target audience: General, Trainers
Cost: Free access

Moodle is an open source course management system designed to help educators create quality online courses, based on principles of social constructionist pedagogy.

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SchoolForge

Developed by: SchoolForge
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General, Trainers
Cost: Free access

Schoolforge's mission is to unify independent organizations that advocate, use, and develop open resources for primary and secondary education. Schoolforge is intended to empower member organizations to make open educational resources more effective, efficient, and ubiquitous by enhancing communication, sharing resources, and increasing the transparency of development. Schoolforge members advocate the use of open source and free software, open texts and lessons, and open curricula for the advancement of education and the betterment of humankind. The SchoolForge web site

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SEUL/edu

Developed by: SEUL/edu
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General, Trainers
Cost: Free access

SEUL/edu is dedicated to furthering the use of Linux and other open resources in education. This covers all aspects of educational uses of Linux, by teachers, parents, and students.

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Open Source - Open source for libraries

Koha

Developed by: Koha
Type of resource: Software
Target audience: Information intermediaries
Cost: Free access

The Koha open source library system is a full catalogue, OPAC, circulation, member management and acquisitions package.

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Open Source Software and Libraries Bibliography

Developed by: Brenda Chawner
Type of resource: Online bibliography
Target audience: General, Information intermediaries
Cost: Free access

This bibliography has been compiled by Brenda Chawner, School of Information Management, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, as part of her Ph.D. studies. This is the first version, and it includes announcements, journal articles, and web documents that are about open source software development in libraries. It also includes articles that describe specific open source applications used in libraries, in particular Koha, Greenstone, and MyLibrary.

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Open Source - Case studies and examples

Greenpeace Southeast Asia Moves to Free Software

Developed by: Linux Journal
Type of resource: Web article
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This short article by Fred Noronha reports on Greenpeace's use of open source software.

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Human rights groups using Martus

Developed by: Martus
Type of resource: Web page
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Martus is a software tool that allows users to document incidents of human rights abuse by creating bulletins and uploading them to servers located around the world. This article includes NGO case studies from Sri Lanka, Philippines, Guatemala, and Russia.

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Open Source Software: Case studies examining its use

Developed by: The Dravis Group
Type of resource: PDF file
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Case studies of open source implementation in situations as diverse as the US postal service and rural India. Key research findings of the study are that

  • Cost is a significant factor driving adoption
  • Control and flexibility are considered benefits as well
  • Implementation of open solutions is evolutionary, not revolutionary
  • Open source extends across the entire software stack
  • Product support is not a significant concern
  • Open standards may be more important that open source

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Open Source - Linux

User Guide to Using the Linux Desktop

Developed by: International Open Source Network
Type of resource: Web guide
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Introductory user guide to PCs running the Linux operating system. The main aim is to provide a self-learning guide on how to use a modern Linux desktop system. It assumes that the user has no prior knowledge of Linux or PC usage.

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GNU/Linux on old hardware

Developed by: Polishlinux
Type of resource: Web article
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This article by Borys Musielak looks at the main issues relating to running Linux on older hardware.

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LinTraining- a Linux training web site

Developed by: Linsight
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General, Trainers
Cost: Free access

Web resource about available Linux training resources and courses. Includes lists of Linux training centres as well as information for Linux trainers - courseware, and efforts to create a Linux certification program.

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Linux for IT Managers Training Manual

Developed by: Commonwealth of Learning
Type of resource: Wiki
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This manual course content can be used by learners preparing for other certifications including Linux+ and the Linux Professional Institute (LPI) Certification. The main focus of this manual, though, will be to provide real life, hands-on solutions that commonly affect Technical and Mid Level IT Managers. This manual is intended for the following groups of professionals:

* Technical IT professionals (System Administrators, Network Administrators and Technical Specialists);
* IT Security Professionals;
* Database Administrators;
* Computer Programmers and Software Developers;
* IT Consultants; and
* Any other ICT professional with interest in Linux and Open Source Software.

This manual will assume that the learner has previous computer knowledge, but not necessarily in Linux. The learner should have prior knowledge on the use of computers at a basic level. Programmers, novice System Administrators, and new users of Linux looking for comprehensive Linux instructions will find this manual of benefit.

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Linux: pre-installation tips

Developed by: ZDNet Australia
Type of resource: Web article
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

"No matter which Linux distribution you choose, there are at least 10 things you need to do properly to prepare the operating system for day-to-day use." This ZDNet guide looks at ten key tasks you should perform when you first install Linux.

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LinuxChix

Developed by: LinuxChix.org
Type of resource: Web site and mailing lists.
Target audience: General, Women
Cost: Free access

Aimed primarily at women, the LinuxChix community offers mailing lists, annotated links to resources, and free online courses. "Men are also welcome - the only real rule is that the participants must be polite and helpful."

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LiveCD List

Developed by: FrozenTech
Type of resource: Web directory
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Linux "LiveCDs" are bootable CDs/DVDs of a Linux distribution. FrozenTech's LiveCD List provides an extensive list of LiveCDs and their primary functions (e.g. general desktop, education, security).

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Painless Linux

Developed by: TECHWR-L
Type of resource: Web article
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Although aimed primarily at writers, this article by Bruce Byfield offers a good general introduction to Linux for people from non-technical backgrounds.

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Table of equivalents / replacements / analogs of Windows software in Linux

Developed by: Nesov Artem / Valery V. Kachurov
Type of resource: Web page
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This table lists Windows/Linux equivalents for the major categories of software.

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Open Source - Office productivity and project management

Tutorials for Open Office

Developed by: Tutorials for Open Office
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Web site with free learning tutorials on installing OpenOffice and using OpenOffice applications. Concise and brief instructions for self-learners and teachers.

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OpenOffice.org

Developed by: OpenOffice.org
Type of resource: Software
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Open Source office productivity suite.

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OpenOffice.org Forum

Developed by: OpenOffice.org Forum
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Discussion boards including Oo Setup and Troubleshooting ; OOo Writer; OpenOffice.org Calc; OOo Impress; OOo Draw and OOo Math. A great place to get your questions answered.

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Microsoft PowerPoint versus OpenOffice.org Impress

Developed by: Bruce Byfield
Type of resource: Web article
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This article looks at the similarities and differences you can expect when moving over from Microsoft PowerPoint to OpenOffice.org Impress.

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MMTK OpenOffice.org training materials

Developed by: APC
Type of resource: PDF files and OpenOffice.org files
Target audience: General, Trainers
Cost: Free access

This workshop kit offers materials which trainers can use as the basis of face-to-face workshops. Topics covered include OpenOffice.org Writer and OpenOffice.org Impress.

DLink to resource


MS Word 2000 and OpenOffice.org 1.03

Developed by: Bruce Byfield
Type of resource: PDF file
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Table comparing MS Word and OpenOffice.org Writer features and commands; also useful as a quick reference for users who have just moved over to Writer.

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Opening Up to OpenOffice.org: Finding an Alternative to Microsoft Word

Developed by: TECHWR-L
Type of resource: Web article
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This article by Bruce Byfield will be particularly useful for advanced MS Word users who are considering moving over to OpenOffice.org Writer.

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The wide world of Linux word processors

Developed by: Jem Matzan
Type of resource: Web article
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This article compares the main word processors - both open source and proprietary - available for GNU/Linux, and looks at what you need to take into account when choosing a word processor.

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Editor's choice: Taming OpenOffice.org Writer

Developed by: Jean Weber
Type of resource: PDF file
Target audience: General
Cost: Fee

A comprehensive guide to using the OpenOffice word processing software, including tips for moving from MSWord to OpenOffice. The guide is "shareware", which means that you can download it free of charge, but you should pay a small fee to the developer if you decide to keep it.

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The KOffice Project

Developed by: K development team
Type of resource: Office suite
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

KOffice is a free, integrated office suite for KDE, the K Desktop Environment.

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Open Source - Content management

APC ActionApps

Developed by: APC
Type of resource: Content management software
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

The ItrainOnline site is driven by ActionApps, an Open Source content management system developed by APC.

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Drupal

Developed by: Drupal
Type of resource: Software tool
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Drupal is an open-source platform and content management system for building dynamic web sites offering a broad range of features and services including user administration, publishing workflow, discussion capabilities, news aggregation, metadata functionalities using controlled vocabularies and XML publishing for content sharing purposes.

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opensourceCMS

Developed by: opensourceCMS
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This site lets you try out various content management systems (CMS) without having to install them on your local machine first. It also has guidelines to assist in the selection of CMSs for various purposes.

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The Scout Portal Toolkit

Developed by: The Internet Scout Project
Type of resource: Software
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

"The Scout Portal Toolkit (SPT) allows groups or organizations that have a collection of knowledge or resources they want to share via the World Wide Web to put that collection online without making a big investment in technical resources or expertise." The tools require a web server with PHP 4.0.6 and MySQL 3.23 or later, and Linux system administration skills.

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Back-End - A Bilingual Content Management System

Developed by: OpenConcept Consulting
Type of resource: Software
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Back-End is a bilingual, open source CMS built on the PHP scripting language and the MySQL database. Back-End is particularly aimed at advocacy organisations, and includes a suite of tools that allow you to create and manage polls and petitions.

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Open Source - Miscellaneous sources of software

UNESCO Free Software Portal

Developed by: UNESCO
Type of resource: Web directory
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

The UNESCO Free Software Portal is intended to provide a single interactive access point to information for users who "wish to understand and follow the Free Software movement, to learn why it is important and to apply the concept."

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100 Awesome Open Source Tools for Writers, Journalists, and Bloggers

Developed by: OnlineCourses.org
Type of resource: website with links to tools
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Whether you’re a blogger, journalist, or writer, you know that the days of pen and paper alone are long gone. These days, you have a huge arsenal of tools at your disposal, from word processors, to content management systems, organization, and more, many of them open source and even free. This web page lists and links to 100 open source tools that can make your life as a writer easier.

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AVG Free for Linux

Developed by: Grisoft
Type of resource: Software
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

AVG Free for Linux is the Linux desktop version of the popular AVG Free antivirus tool. Although Linux viruses are less prevalent than viruses targeting Windows, Linux is not immune to malware threats, and as the use of Linux grows the risks increase.

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David A. Wheeler’s Generally Recognized as Mature (GRAM) OSS/FS programs

Developed by: David A. Wheeler
Type of resource: Web page
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

A categorized short list of the most well established open source applications. Scroll down to “4. GRAM List”.

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Freshmeat

Developed by: Open Source Development Network, Inc.
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Lists thousands of open source software projects covering a full range of functions, environments and stages of maturity.

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GNUWin

Developed by: GNUWin
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

GNUWin II is a free software compilation for Windows which includes software, articles and online help.

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Open Source Software for Windows

Developed by: TechSoup
Type of resource: Web article
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

This article by Joe Cancilla provides an overview of places to start to look for Open Source software for Windows.

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OSdir.com

Developed by: O'Reilly
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

Directory of stable open source applications for various platforms and functions.

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The OpenCD

Developed by: OpenCD
Type of resource: Web site (downloadable CD content)
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

15 open source programs for Windows. The programs are divided into six categories: office, Internet, multimedia, utilities, games, and education.

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Open Source - Open content

Creative Commons

Developed by: Creative Commons
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

The Creative Commons initiative, based at Stanford Law School "is devoted to expanding the range of creative work available for others to build upon and share." Creative Commons offers a set of licences to help you share your work with others while retaining copyright.

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OpenContent Site

Developed by: OpenContent
Type of resource: Web site
Target audience: General
Cost: Free access

The OpenContent site provides information about the OpenContent licence and links to a small selection of news articles.

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Editor\'s choice: \"Copyright, copyleft and everything in between\': A multimedia curriculum on copyright alternatives in South Africa

Developed by: The Learning Commons
Type of resource: website and downloadable executable file to save to CD
Target audience: General, Trainers
Cost: Free access

The Learning Commons technology collective offers this downloadable file on open content in South Africa. Written by Kerryn McKay and Heather Ford and animated by Phillipa Moore from Paraffin Interactive, these animated materials offer a fascinating glimpse into the history of copyright, the impact of copyright and technology on local culture and indigenous knowledge, and new alternatives to copyright that enable you to freely copy and redistribute royalty-free content on the internet. Available in multi-media CDRom with printed booklets for facilitators, the tool is geared toward Grade 9 students in South Africa. In \'Copyright and left\' learners engage in interactive games throughout the CDRom, and can take part in fun and challenging group work in order to apply the knowledge that they have learned. The final assignment will demonstrate the learners\' abilities to successfully combine the themes of the curriculum by developing a website for their peers on copyright and its alternatives.

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